HIGONNET, René Alphonse (1902 - 1983)

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René Alphonse Higonnet was a French-born engineer and inventor who co-developed the phototypesetting process with Louis Moyroud.

Higonnet was born in Valence, Drome, France in 1902. The son of a teacher, he was educated at the Lycée de Tournon and the Electrical Engineering School of Grenoble University. He was granted a scholarship by the International Institute of Education in New York in 1922, went to Carleton College in Minnesota for one year, and subsequently spent one term at the Harvard Engineering School. He was an engineer with the Materiel Téléphonique, a French subsidiary of ITT, from 1924 to 1948. He then became a transmission engineer and worked on long distance cables in Paris-Strasbourg, London-Brussels, and Vienna-Budapest. He was also associated with the Patent and Information Department of ITT. Louis Marius Moyroud and Rene Alphonse Higonnet developed the first practical phototype setting machine. Moyroud and Higonnet first demonstrated their first phototypesetting machine, the Lumitype-later known as the Photon-in September 1946 and introduced it to America in 1948. The Photon was further refined under the direction of the Graphic Arts Research Foundations.
variant spelling:
HIGONNET, René Alphonse
Curriculum vitae  
* 05.04.1902 Valence, France born
1922 USA Etudiant boursier au Carleton College à Northfield dans le Minnesota.
1923 USA Etudiant à la Harvard Engineering School (courte période).
1924 - 1948 Ingénieur de transmission.
1944 - 1946 Conception et invention avec Louis Moyroud, de la Lumitype, première machine de photocomposition commercialisée, connue aussi sous le nom Photon.
1948 USA Départ aux USA avec Louis Moyroud pour trouver des capitaux dans l'orbite du M.I.T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
1983 USA Reçoit avec Louis Moyroud la médaille John Price Wetherill du Franklin Institute de Philadelphie, la Légion d'Honneur.
† 19.10.1983 Montreux, Suisse died
1985 USA Il a été admis avec Louis Moyroud au National Inventors Hall of Fame des États-Unis.
Rationalisation, ca. 1920-1950
HIGONNET René Alphonse
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Permanent links
DMG-Lib FaviconDMG-Lib https://www.dmg-lib.org/dmglib/handler?biogr=24215004
Europeana FaviconEuropeana  http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/2020801/dmglib_handler_biogr_24215004.html