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EIFFEL, Alexandre Gustave (1832 - 1923)

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Chemical engineer, entrepreneur and inventor.

Born in Dijon, Gustave Eiffel studied at the École Polytechnique and the École Centrale in Paris.
Eiffel founded his own ironworks company in 1865, and soon gained a reputation for his unique designs and attention to detail. His most notable works include: the Douro River Bridge in Porto, Portugal, which was completed in 1876 and used until 1991; the Garabit Viaduct in southern France, completed in 1882; the movable observatory dome in Nice; the support framework for the Statue of Liberty; and the Eiffel Tower, designed for the 1889 Paris World's Fair.
Unwilling to risk any more of his personal wealth on future building projects, Eiffel spent the rest of his life doing scientific research, much of it centered around his famous Tower, which he used in wind tunnel experiments, as a meteorological observation post, and as a giant aerial mast for radio broadcasting. Among his achievements was the introduction of the use of compressed air for sinking foundation caissons in bridge construction. Resistance of the Air, published in 1913, was based on his laboratory experiments in the field of aerodynamics.
Gustave Eiffel died at his Paris home on December 27, 1923.
variant spelling:
EIFFEL, Alexandre Gustave
Curriculum vitae  
1789 Rachat du brevet de la tour Eiffel (déposé le 18 septembre 1884) de ses collaborateurs.
* 15.12.1832 Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France born
1852 - 1855 Paris Diplôme d'ingénieur chimiste
1856 - 1858 Bordeaux Premier succès de construction pour un pont ferroviaire.
1858 New York Contribution à la statue de la Liberté.
07.04.1864 Patent No. 62583 : A frame was invented which ran horizontally on railway tracks, which were located on the embankment alongside the prefabricated bridge, which had been placed on iron rollers. The frame was attached to the sides of the bridge, and had a vertical tongue, which could be pushed horizontally by an underground hydraulic piston.
1866 Levallois-Perret Acquisition d'ateliers de constructions métalliques, et fonde sa société.
1867 Paris Gestion de la Galerie des machines pour l'Exposition Universelle.
03.11.1868 Patent No. 83080 : Stiffness was enhanced by introducing a tower design of outer and inner concentric metallic cylinders joined by radial frames and stiffened by horizontal rings. Condensation was combatted by providing adequate ventilation, and corrosion by using an interior casing of copper.
29.05.1876 Patent No. 113112 : A deck of an overhead arch bridge was invented which consisted of sections at its midspan which could be lifted for purposes of navigation.
16.12.1878 Patent No. 127963 : In order to reduce the deflections and vibrations of floors, bridging between joists was invented.
22.04.1879 Patent No 130250 : Illustrate two cross sections for a railway bridge, the second being an improvement over the first, and incorporating the invention of this patent. It claimed advantages in that: The longitudinal trusses were spaced more widely apart, and thereby provided greater torsional strength; the roadbed was wider and stiffer against horizontal forces; derailed trains would be constrained; and the bridging in the vertical plane was stiffer.
21.05.1881 Patent No. 142957 : A prefabricated bridge module was patented which could be used singly or in combination for military bridging, or for bridging where skilled workers were scarce, such as in the French colonies
31.05.1881 Patent No. 143137 : For the application of the hydraulic jet principle to the sinking of tubes, caissons, and piles by wash boring.
21.11.1881 Patent No. 145953 : Shows the dome of an observatory floating in a peripheral canal in order to permit the rapid and almost effortless rotation of the dome. The patent mentioned the use of liquids that would not freeze and that would not evaporate too quickly.
1884 Signature d'une convention avec le gouvernement pour la construction de la tour Eiffel
1884 3e prix du concours d'architecture de l'Exposition pour la tour Eiffel.
1884 Conception et construction du Viaduc de Garabit. L'arc de 165 m de portée à 122m de haut constitue un record du monde.
18.09.1884 Gustave Eiffel, Emile Nouguier et Maurice Koechlin : Brevet d'invention de la tour Eiffel de quinze années, pour une disposition nouvelle permettant de construire des piles et des pylônes métalliques d'une hauteur pouvant dépasser 300 mètres.
1886 Création des Ateliers de Construction Gustave Eiffel, et des Ateliers A.Moisant
1887 - 1889 Construction de la Tour Eiffel.
1898 - 1901 Installation d'un laboratoire météo avec un émetteur permanent de TSF au sommet de la tour Eiffel.
1917 Recherches sur les hélices, la voilure et les projectiles et aboutissement d'un avion de chasse monoplan.
† 27.12.1923 Paris, Île-de-France died
Industrialisation, ca. 1850-1920
Alexandre Gustave EIFFEL
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